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The Curriculum

Children in the Foundation Stage (Reception and Nursery) follow the new “Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum", which builds on early learning that begins at home and prepares them for more formal learning in Key Stage 1 of the National Curriculum.

The children are given opportunities to learn in many different ways with a strong emphasis on structured play and first-hand experience provided in a safe and stimulating environment.

Children's learning is also supported through direct teaching in small groups.


The Foundation Curriculum is organised into seven areas of learning


  • Personal, social and emotional development.
  • Communication and language.
  • Physical development.
  • Literacy
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding of the world.
  • Expressive arts and design.



Topics include:-


  • Nursery rhymes /Favourite stories
  • All about me
  • Celebrations
  • People who help us
  • Mini beasts
  • Weather



Personal and Social Development


We actively encourage children to play, and work co-operatively with each other.

We promote the development of personal values, self-esteem, and respect for themselves and others. We promote independence, but help children to recognise when to seek help. We encourage them to be eager and to learn and develop new skills.


Communication and Language


Within the Foundation Stage we aim to provide a language rich environment in which your child is encouraged to use language in a variety of ways. As children develop speaking and listening skills, they build the foundations for literacy, for making sense of verbal and visual signs.

Children need lots of opportunities to interact with others as they develop these skills and take part in activities such as role-play, listening to stories looking at books and asking questions.

All children learn best through activities which engage all the senses. For example music, dance, rhymes and songs, play a key role in language development, as well as daily opportunities to share and enjoy a whole range of fiction and non-fiction books in our ‘cosy corner’.




We provide many opportunities for children to build the foundations for literacy, encouraging mark making, drawing and modelling in order to build their understanding and skills.

We promote enjoyment of stories and looking at books alone and with adults, ultimately preparing for reading and writing. As children's awareness of letters and sounds develop, we begin a more structured approach through the use of a scheme called ‘Read Write inc’. This helps prepare them for the work they will do in Reception.


Physical Development


Physical Development in the Foundation Stage is about improving skills of coordination, control, manipulation and movement. Physical development promotes confidence in what they can do and enables them to feel the effects of being active and healthy.

We provide a safe, stimulating and challenging environment in which children are confident to develop both fine and gross motor skills. We offer a range of stimuli for movement such as action rhymes, stories and music. We encourage the children to actively explore the environment both indoors and out.





In the Foundation Stage a great emphasis is placed on the development of Mathematical vocabulary as well as developing mathematical understanding.

The classrooms are organized to promote activities such as sorting, matching and counting within the daily routine.

Activities to promote knowledge of number are ongoing throughout their time in Foundation Stage at a level appropriate to your child. Other areas of maths, such as measurement, shape, pattern and money are covered through topic based activities in Nursery, and by following a more structured scheme in Reception. Maths in the Foundation Stage is largely of a practical nature since children learn best through ‘hands on’ experiences. Their mathematical understanding will be consolidated through a variety of activities, e.g. sand, water, play dough, cooking etc.

Will I have enough cakes for everyone?
I’d better count them.

Learning about shapes in the play dough.

Learning about full and empty in the water.

Understanding of the world


In this area of the curriculum children are developing the crucial skills knowledge and understanding that help them make sense of the world in which they live. This forms a basis for later work in Science, Design, Technology, History and I.C.T.

We enable the children to find out about things by observing, experimenting, making mistakes and learning from their mistakes. We develop their questioning skills and ability to think things through.

Activities are based on first hand experiences such as cooking, colour mixing ,bathing babies ,planting seeds and going out on visits. We provide activities to promote skills such as exploration, investigation, problem solving, decision making and discussion. Children learn about different cultures and beliefs.


Expressive arts and design


This area of development is crucial to successful learning. It enables children to make connections between one area of learning and another and so extend their understanding.

Creativity emerges as children become absorbed in action and exploration of their own ideas. We therefore aim to provide opportunities to explore and share thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of art, music movement, dance and imaginative and role play opportunities. Creativity is also about making choices and taking risks. It is important that children feel that their own originality and expressiveness are valued.

In addition, we provide opportunities for children to work alongside artists and other creative adults so they can see first-hand, different ways of expression ideas and different responses to media and materials.





Play is a natural way in which children learn and is a major part of the early year’s curriculum. Structured creative and imaginative play activities provide endless learning opportunities which are stimulating, help develop language skills and are well planned to ensure all children reach their full potential. Play is essential as it provides children with opportunities to:

  • Develop confidence, self-esteem and personal and social skills
  • Develop language and communication skills through talking to each other and the adults around them
  • Work co-operatively with others
  • Practice basic skills
  • Encourage curiosity and stimulate interest
  • Encourage thinking and reasoning skills
  • Make friends and make sense of the world around them
  • Through play, in a secure environment with effective adult support, children can practice and build up ideas, concepts and skills.
  • Begin to understand the need for rules
  • Take risks and are not be afraid to make mistakes.